Last year we noted that there is never a fixed arithmetic formula between the cost of producing, and transporting, the goods and services sold to us and the prices charged for them. Sellers charge what they can get, and if we don’t do a good job of figuring out the true cost, which can be hard to do, chances are they are building in a hefty margin. But the margin is only one hidden cost.
There’s other hidden costs baked into the COGS by the supplier, some of which even they may not be aware of. But if you want to bring costs down, you have to find the hidden costs. All of them.
In our last post we noted that one way to find hidden costs was to look at production costs, particularly:
- raw materials
- overhead costs
But, as noted in our opening paragraph, there are also hidden costs in the transportation of the goods. And hidden costs in the costs associated in the transportation of the goods — which can include interim storage, dock / port fees, extra tariffs, etc. And what costs are hidden?
- Fuel Surcharges
yes, these are valid if there is a contract that allows them, but if the contract is well written, they are supposed to be in line with actual fuel cost increases and decreases above a maximum cost … typically what will happen is suppliers will raise when fuel prices go up, but NOT decrease when they fall back down – that’s unnecessary hidden cost
- Interim Storage
some suppliers will use shippers that do a lot of cross-docking, especially with LTL, and some might even temporarily store goods to make sure they only run trucks full – this can incur storage costs and even delivery delays — if the combined costs of this intermediate storage and delay to your supply chain is more than just shipping a LTL truck direct, that’s a hidden cost
- Dock/Port Fees
sometimes a supplier or shipper will always blindly use the closest port, even if a port a couple of hundred miles away has half the fees and has carriers that cost less — this is also a hidden cost — remembering that the busy ports are always near capacity, the difference can often make trucking the goods an extra couple of hundred miles a profitable venture
- Extra Tariffs
if you are buying from a supplier that has multiple locations in Asia, which one they manufacture in and ship from matters greatly as export tariffs differ by country and import tariffs greatly differ by country; if the right location isn’t chosen based on the destination, these are extra hidden costs as well
Supply chains are fraught with hidden costs, and while it could take a lot of analysis to find out how much they are costing you and whether they are worth dealing with, the reality is that a lot of them are not that hard to find if you just trace what happens from finished good back to raw material.