Category Archives: Knowledge Management

Where are You on Your Master Data Journey?

You want to get cost under control. Maybe even save. You need to ensure compliance. You need to satisfy the auditors. You want to know the risks you face. And the risks you could face. All laudable goals, but all goals that are unobtainable without … you guessed it … data.

More specifically, clean, rich, up-to-date, relatively complete data … which, likely, resides in multiple systems, duplicated across each. This makes data centralization, which is necessary for any of these initiatives, complicated, and often difficult. It’s not just the last update record date, especially since some systems do the last update at the record level, and not the data element level.

Plus, how do you know which parts of which records can be combined? Especially when they conflict or don’t line up. Without an appropriate master data management strategy, and a system that can handle master data management across multiple, loosely related, supply management and enterprise, it can be downright impossible for any initiative that spans more than a few dozen providers or categories. And even that is an effort.

But MDM is not easy to define, and even less easy to implement. First of all, which systems do you use for master data when there is an argument for multiple systems that store a record, such as a supplier, to be a master data system. Secondly, when you do identify the master system, how do you manage, and approve, updates … and how do you insure they get synched to the right systems at the right time? Third, how do you integrate all the data into a single, even if only virtual, record so that you can run a spend report. A compliance report. A risk report. An audit report?

The point is that it’s not just as easy as selecting a system, proclaiming it your MDM, and believing the implementor that your MDM problems will be solved in a few months. Some companies, that aren’t heavily focussed on, and involved with, the initiative take years to integrate systems and arrive at a nearly clean set of master data.

So before you march forward on your next, data intensive initiative, maybe you should step back, ask yourself where you are on your data management journey, and give an honest answer.

The More Things Change … Supplier Intelligence

This week we’re revisiting posts from ten years ago to demonstrate that, to date, the more things change in Procurement, the more they have, unfortunately, stayed essentially the same.

Ten years ago we published a post on what you can’t afford not to know about your suppliers that summarized some key insights from Jim Lawton (who was VP of Marketing at Open Ratings until its acquisition by D&B, where he became SVP and General Manager of Supply Management Solutions).

Jim, who noted that global supplier insight can become as indispensable to sourcing and supply management as a stage is to an actor, also noted that in order to acquire this insight, an organization has to focus on:

  • supplier performance and quality management,
  • supply risk management, and
  • supplier content and connectivity

And nothing has changed. Any organization that wants to understand total landed cost from global markets and with predictability still needs these capabilities today. Considering that the the final cost of any purchased product is ultimately dependent on the supplier and its ability to delivery a product to spec on time and on budget with minimal defects, supplier performance management is as critical today as it was a decade ago.

Similarly, considering that a single disruption can wipe out the entire identified and negotiated savings on a category (as the result of a six week disruption), supply risk management still takes center stage. (This goes double when the chance of an organization not experience a disruption is 15% or less for any 12 month period.)

Finally, without an understanding of supplier policies, practices, and the providers your suppliers employ, you’ll never know whether or not they are adhering to your corporate social responsibility standards, whether or not they are implementing six sigma and other best practices to ensure quality and keep defects down, and whether or not they are buying from, or subcontracting component development to, third parties that don’t adhere to your quality, responsibility, or ethical standards.

Supplier Intelligence is as important now as it was then, and, most importantly, many organizations don’t have the depth of intelligence they should have, as evidenced on the relative lack of uptake of modern Supplier Relationship Management solutions.

Contract Lifecycle Management — Do You Have Your Platform and Process in Place?

By now you should, especially since 8 parts of the doctor‘s and the maverick‘s series on Contract Lifecycle Management (CLM) have been up for your reading pleasure over on Spend Matters Plus (registration required) since October, but if you don’t yet have it in place, now’s a good time to review the current series end-to-end and get a grip on what your platform should contain.

While contract management is not new, and many first generation platforms have been including contract management modules since the late noughts, many features of next generation contract management platforms are reasonably new, and some are much more valuable than others. That’s why the focus of this series was on must-haves, should-haves, and nice-to-haves for contract management platforms since it’s almost impossible to implement a good process without a good platform, and selecting one is becoming harder and harder as more and more e-Sourcing and C(L)M providers, including those who started in the Sales / Legal space, hit the market, and not all are created equal (or anything close to equal).

For example, while a clause library is only a should-have capability and multi-tier contract management and drafting a nice to have capability, especially for a Procurement Organization that does fairly standard direct materials and indirect services contracts, some CLM providers will push them as essential (which they may be for Legal organizations that handle commercial [building] development contracts with a lot of work being outsourced to specialist providers) for every organization, this is not the case and for some organizations these features will not be used at all. Similarly, some CLM providers without native MDM integration (which is a should-have) and, gasp, expiry and renewal management (a must-have) will try to down-sell their importance, which is critical in an organization with a lot of auto-renew evergreen contracts (which can cost the result in the organization overspending by 10% or more on multi-million category) and price data in third party systems.

Plus, with so many e-Sourcing technologies, and a plethora of acronyms which mean similar, but not the same, things (for instance, do you know the difference between S2S, S2P, and P2P — don’t fib!), it’s hard to tell where CLM even fits, why you need it, and the extent of capabilities your organization is missing out on with an outdated system. (This is critical as good CLM can result in significant year-over-year cost savings. While the percentages aren’t as high as supplier relationship management, spend analysis, or strategic sourcing decision optimization (which can tops out at an average year-over-year cost savings of 12% in the last case), annual savings from an effective end-to-end CLM process, backed up by the right platform, have been known to generate 4% to 6% savings that go straight to the bottom line (and get Procurement credibility with Legal and Sales, who can all be on the same system), and that’s nothing to scoff at!

CLM is critical as good contract management, coupled with good supplier management, is what ensures that the sourcing plan is realized, and this is key to capturing the savings that Supply Management works so hard to negotiate. It’s pointless to negotiate a 10% savings if only 6% of it gets captured due to bad contract management practices (which result in poor supplier management, maverick spend, inferior order management, expedited shipment, lost credits, etc.). And this is the case in many organizations without good contract management practices. (And has been for many years, as chronicled in AMR’s (now Gartner’s) classic series on Reaching Sourcing Excellence.)

In other words, if you haven’t, you really should read the Series to Date (membership required):

Forget SIM. The Real Answer is SIR.

Earlier this year, Spend Matters ran a post by Jason Busch on Why Collect Supplier Information that highlighted some of the information needs addressed in a recent piece by Mr. Busch and Mr. Gustin on Supplier Enablement for Invoice Discounting and Supply Chain Finance: Background, Tips, and Secrets for Success that not only highlighted some of the needs for detailed supplier information but also outlined many other reasons why organizations need supplier information.

The traditional answer to this is Supplier Information Management (SIM), implemented by way of a supplier portal where suppliers provide, maintain, and verify their information to the buyer on an as-needed basis. While this sounded like a good solution, especially since the amount of information some buyers need to collect on a single supplier can be staggering, which makes the task almost impossible for a large organization with thousands of suppliers, all it does is shift the burden to the supplier. The rationale provided was that the supplier, who needs to sell its wares, would accept it as a cost of doing business, especially since the supplier would need to provide much of that information on an RFX anyway and this way only has to provide the information to the buyer once as it would be maintained and reusable on every future RFX or information request.

This sounds fine and dandy, but really only makes sense if the workload for the supplier is less than the workload for the buyer. Otherwise, the work is just being shifted, overall supply chain efficiency is not increasing, and cost is not being take out of the supply chain. And SIM is not delivering on its promise.

The reality is that the workload for the supplier is not decreased because, with the proliferation of SIM systems across Procurement, more and more organizations are asking more and more of suppliers. And the perception that the supplier has less customers than the buyer has strategic suppliers is not always correct. Since most large buyers with risk avoidance tendencies only buy from large suppliers, and since suppliers can only become large suppliers by attracting a large client base, the supplier has as many buyers as the buyer has strategic suppliers — and the supplier has just as much data entry and maintenance to do as the buyer did before the buyer purchased its SIM solution. The work hasn’t been minimized, only shifted, and the cost has only increased because the supplier’s cost of data maintenance is no less than the buyer, and the supplier will just add a mark-up to cover their cost.

The true answer to the supplier information problem is not a SIM solution, but a SIR solution — an on-line, shared-access, Supplier Information Repository where a supplier can enter all of their information once, maintain it, and, under a fine-grained security model, share it with their customers (the buyers) on an as-needed basis. This reduces costs for all parties and truly takes costs out of the supply chain as the supplier only has to maintain one set of data, and the buyers can access all data from all suppliers for one low-cost annual subscription, which, because a vendor does not have to maintain multiple SIM instances, allows the vendor to offer repository access at a cost that is less than the cost of a traditional SIM solution.

All Hail the CPO. Wait, what?

You want to be a CPO. But do you know what are the requirements for the job? Especially when the number of companies with CPO positions is still few and far between? (Recent stats from a CapGemini study found that only 9% of Procurement organizations have a CPO that sits at the C-Suite table. In SI’s view, unless the head of Procurement sits at the C-Suite table, it’s not a real CPO position.)

Chances are you don’t, especially since a search for CPO job descriptions yields few and not all are consistent (since each organization has their own view on what a CPO is and what the CPO needs to do during the first year or so). But more importantly, chances are you don’t know what is required to fulfill both the written, and more importantly, the unwritten requirements of the job.

But you don’t need to be in the dark. the doctor and the maverick, in their latest collaboration, have assembled a typical CPO job description and a multi-part series explaining the written and unwritten requirements, in detail, so that you, an aspiring Procurement professional, know exactly what is required to be a CPO. The first four parts of this series are now online on the new CPO site (in addition to the first parts of the Agenda series and the Lean / Six Sigma series). Check them out! They will be worth your time. (Part I: The Job Description and Part II: Examining the Job Description, Part I, Examining the Job Description, Part II, and Examining the Job Description, Part III.)